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    [10] one or many? singular and plural nouns

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       See also: Sound and broken plurals, Listen and repeat, Be careful, Drills, Picture drill
                                 
Sound and broken plurals explained



Noun sound plurals are recognized by just that – sound! These nouns have a regular more predictable pattern. 

Predictable patterns make noun sound plurals easy to memorize!

For Egyptian colloquial/spoken Arabic: Feminine nouns take an “aat” suffix while masculine nouns take a “iin” suffix. It is that simple.

For MSA/Classical Arabic: Feminine nouns take a “aat” suffix while masculine nouns take a "uun" or a "iin" suffix.

The "uun" is for the nominative case.
And th
e "iin" is for the accusative and genitive case.

Noun broken plurals, however, have the internal structure of the word altered in order to reach the plural form.

Broken plurals need some memorizing because they are less regular…

 

Listen and repeat

 Listen and repeat...

Note for MSA/Classical Arabic:

Regular feminine plurals have the endings: 

"aatun"  "اتٌ" for the nominative; "aatin"  "اتٍ" for the accusative and the genitive.

Regular masculine plurals have the endings:

 "uuna"  "ونَ" for the nominative; "iina"  "ينَ"  for the accusative and the genitive.

The below examples are given in the nominative case since this is the correct choice of mood for listing words.

*An asterik denotes a discrepancy between Egyptian colloquial/spoken Arabic and MSA/Classical Arabic.

           Singular                                                   Plural

           Feminine with “aat” ending: 




سَيِّدَةٌ

سِتْ
 
1  sit - lady




سَيِّداتٌ
سِتّاتْ
2
 sittaat




كوُبٌ

كوبّايـَةْ
3
 kobbaaya - cup




أكْوابٌ*

  كوبّيات
4  kobbayaat

          Masculine ending with “iin” ending:




مُهَنْدِسٌ

مُهَنْدِسْ

 11  mohandis - engineer




مُهَنْدِسونَ

مُهَنْدِسـينْ

 12  mohandisiin




مُوَظَفٌ

مُوَظَفْ

 13  mowazzaf - employee




مُوَظَفونَ

مُوَظَفـِيِنْ

 14  mowazzafiin

          Broken plurals:




وَلَد

وَلَدْ
 21
 
walad - boy




أوْلادٌ

وِلادْ
 22
 
wilaad




كِتابٌ

كِتابْ
 23
 kitaab - book




كُتُبٌ
كُتُبْ
 24
 
kutub

See more examples

Be careful

1- Noun broken plurals need more effort to learn than noun sound plurals.

But at least singular broken nouns inherit the same broken plural pattern if they are similar sounding (as seen below in Drill #2 BROKEN PLURALS).

2- Learn the singular noun with its plural form.



So how can we help you?


       

  Read more on singular and plural nouns

       


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