site search by freefind

 

 

       

     One or many? singular and plural nouns

          Page 1 of 3 

Lecture challenge level

       See also: Sound and broken plurals, Listen and repeat, Be careful, Drills, Picture drill
                                 
Sound and broken plurals explained


There are two types of nouns when made plural:

1- Noun sound plurals: Nouns with a regular pattern and sound.

Noun sound plurals are predictable and easy to memorize.

For Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken Arabic: Feminine nouns take an “aat” suffix while masculine nouns take a “iin” suffix. It is that simple.

For MSA/Classical Arabic: Feminine nouns take a “aat” suffix while masculine nouns take a "uun" or a "iin" suffix.

The "uun" is for the nominative case.
And th
e "iin" is for the accusative and genitive case.

2- Noun broken plurals: Nouns with internal structure altered.

Noun broken plurals are unpredictable and not easy to memorize.

 

Listen and repeat

 Listen and repeat...

Note for MSA/Classical Arabic:

Regular feminine plurals have the endings:

"aatun"  "اتٌ" for the nominative; "aatin"  "اتٍ" for the accusative and the genitive.

Regular masculine plurals have the endings:

 "uuna"  "ونَ" for the nominative; "iina"  "ينَ"  for the accusative and the genitive.

The below examples are given in the nominative case since this is the correct choice of mood for listing words.

*An asterik denotes a discrepancy between Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken Arabic and MSA/Classical Arabic.

           Singular                                                   Plural

           Feminine with “aat” ending: 




سَيِّدَةٌ

سِتْ
 
1  sit - lady




سَيِّداتٌ
سِتّاتْ
2
 sittaat




كوُبٌ

كوبّايـَةْ
3
 kobbaaya - cup




أكْوابٌ*

  كوبّيات
4  kobbayaat

          Masculine ending with “iin” ending:




مُهَنْدِسٌ

مُهَنْدِسْ

 11  mohandis - engineer




مُهَنْدِسونَ

مُهَنْدِسـينْ

 12  mohandisiin




مُوَظَفٌ

مُوَظَفْ

 13  mowazzaf - employee




مُوَظَفونَ

مُوَظَفـِيِنْ

 14  mowazzafiin

          Broken plurals:




وَلَد

وَلَدْ
 21
 
walad - boy




أوْلادٌ

وِلادْ
 22
 
wilaad




كِتابٌ

كِتابْ
 23
 kitaab - book




كُتُبٌ
كُتُبْ
 24
 
kutub

See more examples

Be careful

1- Noun broken plurals need more effort to learn than noun sound plurals.

But thankfully singular broken nouns inherit the same broken plural pattern if they are similar sounding (as seen below in Drill #2 BROKEN PLURALS).

2- Learn the singular noun with its plural form.



What is the low-cost Falooka pricing?


       

  Read more on singular and plural nouns

       


<<previous 1  2  3 next>>

Top   |    Feedback   |    Error?   |     Falooka   |    Colloquial Podcasts   |   Classical Podcasts   |   Grammar Lectures

       

   

 

       
       
       

  Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape