Sun letters followed by the definite article

 
       See also: Sun versus moon explained, Be careful, Listen and repeat, drill, Picture drill
 



                               

Sun versus moon letters explained:

We all like to speak quickly. No?

Assimilation allows for this...

  
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For the definite article "the..."

1-1  il     اِل  for Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken OR/    اَلْ for MSA/Classical.

We assimilate.

Assimilation means we drop the laam (in the definite article) and replace it with the same letter as "the first letter of the upcoming noun...

if, and only if, the noun begins with a sun letter."

  
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Therefore, assimilation does not occur with all definite nouns.

Assimilation occurs only when the noun begins with a sun letter. The moon letters are the remaining letters in the Arabic language. Moon letters are not important.

Bottom line: Arabic native speakers do not say:

il rasiif

But say:

ir rasiif

All with the aim to speak faster with assimilation.


So where are the sun letters (thirteen of them)??


See the table below of sun letters.

Up close: With assimilation we do not pronounce the
laam in the "il." Instead the laam is said as the sun letter similar to the first sun letter in the noun.


Index

 

 

 

  Let's take a deep breath and review an example:

  Example


 

اَلرَّصيفُ            رَصيفٌ

اِلرَّصيفْ            رصيف
2
rasiif (a sidewalk) -  ir rasiif (the sidewalk) is correct!!

 


اَلرَّصيفُ

اِلرَّصيفْ
4 il rasiif  - is wrong!! (listen to the recording)

ir rasiif is a great example of assimilation between the definite article ir and the noun rasiif. Note that the letter r is a sun letter.

Index

 

 


Beware: Don't forget to place a shaddah above the sun letter when writing the Arabic text.

For example:
اِلرَّصيفْ

Do you see the shaddah above the rah?? Take a close look.

Once a shaddah is placed above a letter it implies "there are two copies of the letter." Why write the letter twice if you can place a shaddah above it.

Index

 

 

 Listen and repeat to the SOUNDS and not the names of the sun letters...

Moon Letters

Sun letters

(assimilation occurs)

ء

 
 

د  

5 d

 ب
b

 
 

ض

6

ف
f

 
 

ج

7 g

ع
รง

 
 

ل

9 l

See more examples of sun letters

Index

 

 



  Be careful...

1- Only nouns beginning with a sun letter are assimilated with the definite article il.”

2- As for nouns beginning with moon letters the laam in the il is pronounced.

3- Remember the sun letters and forget the moon letters. Sun letters should be recognized to know when to assimilate. Moon letters are not important for assimilation or anywhere else for that matter.

4- In Arabic text a shaddah is placed above the sun letter.


Index

 

 


Listen and repeat

  Listen carefully to the below nouns and identify the cases using assimilation...

Indefinite nouns                          Definite nouns



سَيِّدَةٌ
سِتّ ْ
19
sitt - lady


 

السَّيِّدَةُ
السِّتّ ْ

20
Is sitt



مَدْرَسَةٌ
مَدْرَسَة ْ
21 madrasa - school



اَلْمَدْرَسَةُ
اِلْمَدْرَسَة
22 Il madrasa

Index




   

  Read more on moon versus sun letters                               


 

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