Speak like a native | Sun letters followed by the definite article

 
       🔴 See also: Sun versus moon explained, Be careful, Listen and repeat, drill, Picture drill
 
                               

Sun versus moon letters explained:

We all like to speak quickly. No?

Assimilation lets us speak faster.

Assimilation allows one sound to become more like a nearby sound - frequently the end of one word and the beginning of the next.

  
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For the
definite article
1-1  "the..." 1-1  il   اِلْ  for Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken OR/  اَلْ for MSA/Classical we assimilate if the noun begins with a sun letter.


  
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Bottom line Arabic native speakers do not say:

1-2 il rasiif = the sidewalk


But, instead say:

1-3 ir rasiif = the sidewalk   (r is a sun letter)


The aim is to speak faster using sun letters.


An English language example of assimilation is:

1-4
impolite  >>> in + polite (the m is pronounced like an n)


So what are the thirteen sun letters??

See all of the sun letters in the below table.

 

 

 

  Let's take a close look:

  Example




رَصيفٌ
رصيف
2
rasiif
              

a sidewalk

اَلرَّصيفُ
اِلرَّصيفْ
3 ir rasiif - is correct

the sidewalk            

 




اَلرَّصيفُ

اِلرَّصيفْ
4 il rasiif  - is wrong

the sidewalk

 

Note, again, the letter r is a sun letter.

Up close: We do not pronounce the letter
"l" in the "il." Instead the letter "l" becomes "r": ir rasiif

 


 


Beware: Place a shaddah above the sun letter when writing the Arabic text.

For example:
اِلرَّصيفْ
Do you see the shaddah above the letter rah? It looks like: ّ

Why write any letter twice if you can place a shaddah above it.

 



 Listen to the SOUNDS made by the sun letters:

Moon Letters

Sun letters

(assimilation occurs)

ء

 

د  

5 d

 ب
b

 

ض

6

ف
f

 

ج

7 g

ع

 

ل

9 l

🔴 See more examples of sun letters
 

 

 

 



  Be careful:

1- Only nouns beginning with a sun letter replace the "l" in the definite article il for the first letter of the upcoming noun.

2- As for nouns beginning with moon letters the "l" in the il continues to be pronounced as usual.

3- Just remember your sun letters. Forget about the moon letters.

4- Place shaddahs above the sun letters.


 

 


Listen and repeat

  Listen carefully to the below nouns.

Indefinite nouns                          Definite nouns



سَيِّدَةٌ
سِتّْ
19
sitt  
lady


السَّيِّدَةُ
السِّتّ ْ

20
Is sitt
the lady



مَدْرَسَةٌ
مَدْرَسَة ْ
21 madrasa  

school



اَلْمَدْرَسَةُ
اِلْمَدْرَسَة
22 Il madrasa
the school

 




   

  Read more on moon versus sun letters                               


 

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