Say "no" – negation for all tenses

 
     
   


🔴 See also: Negation in action, Drills

 
                         

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Say it didn't happen.

 




The above diagram shows how to negate for Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken Arabic.

Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken negation is as follows:

Past tense verb negation: Wrap the negation ma...sh around the past tense verb.

Example: ما دَخَلْتِشْ  madakhaltish

Present tense verb negation: Place the negation mish in front of the present tense continuous verb.

Example: مِشْ بادْخُلْ  mish badkhul

Future tense verb negation: Place the negation mish in front of the future tense verb.

Example: مِشْ حادْخُلْ mish hadkhul


 




Want more? Skip section unless a grammar guru. (MSA/Classical)

There are
three moods for the imperfect tense of a verb:  the [1] indicative, the [2] subjunctive, and the [3] jussive

What are moods?

 

Verb moods are classifications that indicate the attitude of the speaker.

 

Therefore, verbs are not only classified by tense (past, present, and future) but they also have a mood -- just as anyone of us.

[1] The imperfect (fancy way for saying the present tense) in the indicative denotes an incomplete action:  هِيَ تَكْتُبُ الْجَوابَ

[2] The subjunctive is used in a subordinate clause (or dependant clause) after the following common conjunctions: أنْ   that  ،أنْ لا   that not  لـِ ، كَيْ ، لِكَيْ ،لِأنْ so that  كَيْ لا ، لِكَيْ لا ، لَئل   so that not  حتَّى until.

 

The subjunctive preceded by لن "will not" is used to express negation in the future.

[3] T
he jussive mood is used to express a wish or a command such as: May I write? or Write. 

The particle لم "did not" is used with the imperfect in the jussive mood to negate a past action.

End of skip section.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    
  See negation in action for past tense verbs. 


MSA past tense verb negation: The past tense verb is negated with the particle
لم. (By the way, the verb is in the jussive mood).

 

Fill in the blanks below with past tense negations.

Answers below for drill 1

Drill 1

 (هُوَ ... الكَّتابَ.  (طَلَبَ

هُوَّ ... الكِّتابْ. (طَلَبْ)
Huwwa il kitaab. (ṭalab)

He did not request the book.

 

(هُمْ ... اَلسَّيارةَ.  (دَخَلَ

هُمَّ ... اِلْعَرَبِيَّةْ. (دَخَلْ)
Humma il çarabiyya. (dakhal)

They did not get into the car.

(هِيَ ... اَلْماءَ. (شَرِبَ

هِيَّ ... اِلْمَيَّهْ. (شَرَبْ)
Hiyya
il mayya. (sharab)

She did not drink the water.

 

(أنا ... اَلْبابَ. (فَتَحَ

أنا ... اِلْبابْ. (فَتَحْ )
Ana
il baab. (fataḥ)

I did not open the door.

(نَحْنُ ... اَلْعَصيرَ. (شَرِبَ

إحْنا ... اِلْعَصيرْ. (شَرَبْ)
Ina il çasiir.
(sharab)

We did not drink the juice.

 

(هُنَّ ... مِنَ الْبَيْتِ. (خَرَجَ

(هُما ... اَلتُّفاحَ. (أكَلَ  

They went out from the house. (plurals/fem.)

They ate the apples. (masc., fem./dual)

Keep on going! You're almost there.



For MSA/Classical: Notice below the verb conjugation for the jussive mood.

Answers (Drill 1)





هُوَ لَمْ يَطْلُبْ الكِّتابَ

هُوَّ ما طَلَبْشْ الكِّتابْ
4
Huwwa maalabsh il kitaab.

He did not request the book.

 

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