Say "no" – negation for all tenses

 
     
   


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Say it didn't happen.

 




The above diagram shows how to negate for Egyptian Spoken Arabic .

Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken negation is as follows:

Past tense verb negation: Wrap the negation ma...sh around the past tense verb.

Example: ما دَخَلْتِشْ  madakhaltish

Present tense verb negation: Place the negation mish in front of the present tense continuous verb.

Example: مِشْ بادْخُلْ  mish badkhul

Future tense verb negation: Place the negation mish in front of the future tense verb.

Example: مِشْ حادْخُلْ mish hadkhul

 




Skip (not really necessary)

For MSA/Classical:

There are
three moods for the imperfect tense of a verb
[1] indicative
[2] subjunctive
[3] jussive

What are moods?

 

Verb moods classify the attitude of the speaker.

 

Therefore, verbs are not only classified by tense (past, present, and future) but also by classified by mood.

[1] The imperfect (fancy way for saying the present tense) in the indicative denotes an incomplete action:  هِيَ تَكْتُبُ الْجَوابَ

[2] The subjunctive is used in a subordinate clause (or dependant clause) after the following common conjunctions: أنْ   that  ،أنْ لا   that not  لـِ ، كَيْ ، لِكَيْ ،لِأنْ so that  كَيْ لا ، لِكَيْ لا ، لَئل   so that not  حتَّى until.

 

The subjunctive preceded by لن "will not" is used to express negation in the future.

[3] T
he jussive mood is used to express a wish or a command such as: May I write? or Write. 
 

The particle لم "did not" is used with the imperfect in the jussive mood to negate a past action.
 

End of skip section.

 

    
  Negation of past tense verbs:


MSA past tense verb is negated with the particle
لم.

The verb is in the jussive mood.

 

Fill in the blanks below with past tense negations.

Answers below for drill 1

Drill 1

 (هُوَ ... الكَّتابَ.  (طَلَبَ

هُوَّ ... الكِّتابْ. (طَلَبْ)
Huwwa il kitaab. (ṭalab)

He did not request the book.

 

(هُمْ ... اَلسَّيارةَ.  (دَخَلَ

هُمَّ ... اِلْعَرَبِيَّةْ. (دَخَلْ)
Humma il 3arabiyya. (dakhal)

They did not get into the car.

(هِيَ ... اَلْماءَ. (شَرِبَ

هِيَّ ... اِلْمَيَّهْ. (شَرَبْ)
Hiyya
il mayya. (sharab)

She did not drink the water.

 

(أنا ... اَلْبابَ. (فَتَحَ

أنا ... اِلْبابْ. (فَتَحْ )
Ana
il baab. (fataH)

I did not open the door.

(نَحْنُ ... اَلْعَصيرَ. (شَرِبَ

إحْنا ... اِلْعَصيرْ. (شَرَبْ)
IHna il 3asiir.
(sharab)

We did not drink the juice.

 

(هُنَّ ... مِنَ الْبَيْتِ. (خَرَجَ

(هُما ... اَلتُّفاحَ. (أكَلَ  

They went out from the house. (pl./f.)

They ate the apples. (m., f., dual)


 

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MSA/Classical with past tense jussive mood negated:

Answers (Drill 1): Past tense negation





هُوَ لَمْ يَطْلُبْ الكِّتابَ

هُوَّ ما طَلَبْشْ الكِّتابْ
4
Huwwa maTalabsh il kitaab.

He did not request the book.

 

🔴 See more answers

 GAME: Egyptian Colloquial

 

 GAME:
MSA/Classical

 


 GAME: Arabic using English

 

 
   

  Discover more on the negation of a verb

 
   



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