The complex tense - kaan

 

 
🔴 See also: Kaan in past, Kaan in present, Kaan in future, Drills

 
                         

Watch videos
 (under 3.36 min each)
Talk about the Past using Kaan.

 



Using
 1  kaan = was - كانْ within the equational sentence places the entire sentence into the past tense.

It's that easy.

And when kaan is used within a verbal sentence a series of different meanings occur depending on whether the sentence is past, present, or future.

 



Example of kaan with the past tense

 

Beware: Kaan when used with the past tense verb puts the verb further into the past.


 

 

  Example 1: kaan with the past tense verb

"He had eaten" is further in the past then "he ate."

Example  of kaan used with a past tense verb








أكَلَ

أكَلْ

Past tense  2  akal


He ate

 









  

Note for MSA/Classical: The particle قد is added to denote a past action of eating.

كانَ قَدْ أكَلَ

كانْ أكَلْ

Kaan with the past tense –  3  kaan ‘akal


He had eaten

Naturally, when actions are further in the past they require a second verb.

One verb is further in the past relative to the second verb.

Verb #1 and verb #2 below are in pink.

Side-point: Second verbs appear in the simple past.

Example of kaan placing the verb "further" into the past





هُوَ كانَ قَدْ أكَلَ ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ إلىَ الْمَدْرَسَةِ

هُوَّ كانْ أكَلْ وِبَعْدينْ راحْ اِلْمَدْرَسَةْ

 4  Huwwa kaan ‘akal wi baçdiin raa il madrasa.

He had eaten and then went to school.

1st verb = eaten

2nd verb = went

Keep going! You're almost there.



Example of kaan in the present tense

 
  Beware: Kaan with the present tense places the action into the past progressive -- an action over a period of time in the past.



Example 2: kaan with the present tense verb

Example  of kaan used with a present tense verb



يَأْكُلُ
 بِياكُلْ

Present tense  5  Bi yaakul

He is eating

 






 


 

هُوَ كانَ يَأْكُلُ
هُوَّ كانْ بِياكُلْ

Kann
with the Present tense 6  Kaan biyaakul
He was eating

 




 


    Read more on the verbal past tense sentence


<<  1  2  3  >>


Top   |    Feedback   |    Error?   |     Index   |   Home

   
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape