The complex tense - kaan
(under 3.36 min each)
Talk about the Past using Kaan.
Put 1 kaan = was - كانْ in an equational sentence to for a past tense sentence.
Example: Huwwa Kaan hina. = He was here.
- Example of kaan with the past tense
Beware: Kaan with the past tense verb puts the verb further into the past.
Example #1: kaan with the past tense verb:
"He had eaten" is further in the past then "he ate."
Example #1: kaan with past tense verb
Past tense – 2 ‘akal
Note for MSA/Classical: The particle قد is added to emphasize a past action of eating.
كانَ قَدْ أكَلَ
Kaan with the past tense – 3 kaan ‘akal
He had eaten
When actions are further in the past they require a second verb.
The first verb is further in the past relative to the second verb.
Verb #1 and verb #2 below are in pink.
Side-point: Second verbs appear in the simple past.
kaan to place verb "further" into the past
هُوَ كانَ قَدْ أكَلَ ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ إلىَ الْمَدْرَسَةِ
هُوَّ كانْ أكَلْ وِبَعْدينْ راحْ اِلْمَدْرَسَةْ
4 Huwwa kaan ‘akal wi ba3diin raaH il madrasa.
He had eaten and then went to school.
1st verb = eaten
2nd verb = went
Keep going! You're almost there.
- Example of kaan in the present tense
Beware: Kaan with the present tense is action over a period of time in the past (i.e. past progressive).
Example #2: kaan with the present tense verb:
Example #2: kaan with present tense verb
Present tense – 5 Biyaakul
He is eating
هُوَ كانَ يَأْكُلُ
هُوَّ كانْ بِياكُلْ
Kann with the Present tense – 6 Kaan biyaakul
He was eating
Discover more on the verbal past tense sentence