The complex tense - kaan

 

 
🔴 See also: Kaan in past, Kaan in present, Kaan in future, Drills

 
                         

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Talk about the Past using Kaan.

 



Put
 1  kaan = was - كانْ  in an equational sentence to for a past tense sentence.

Example:
Huwwa Kaan hina. = He was here.
 
 

It's that easy.

Place
kaan in a verbal sentence of past, present, or future tenses -- for different past tense sentence meanings (as seen below).



Example of kaan with the past tense

 

Beware: Kaan with the past tense verb puts the verb further into the past.

 

  Example #1: kaan with the past tense verb:

"He had eaten"
is further in the past then "he ate."

Example #1: kaan with past tense verb








أكَلَ

أكَلْ

Past tense  2  akal


He ate

 









  

Note for MSA/Classical: The particle قد is added to emphasize a past action of eating.

كانَ قَدْ أكَلَ

كانْ أكَلْ

Kaan with the past tense  3 kaan ‘akal


He had eaten

When actions are further in the past they require a second verb.

The first verb is further in the past relative to the second verb.

Verb #1 and verb #2 below are in pink.

Side-point: Second verbs appear in the simple past.

kaan to place verb "further" into the past





هُوَ كانَ قَدْ أكَلَ ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ إلىَ الْمَدْرَسَةِ

هُوَّ كانْ أكَلْ وِبَعْدينْ راحْ اِلْمَدْرَسَةْ

 4  Huwwa kaan ‘akal wi ba3diin raaH il madrasa.

He had eaten and then went to school.

1st verb = eaten

2nd verb = went

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Example of kaan in the present tense

 
  Beware: Kaan with the present tense is action over a period of time in the past (i.e. past progressive).



Example #2: kaan with the present tense verb:

Example #2: kaan with present tense verb



يَأْكُلُ
 بِياكُلْ

Present tense  5  Biyaakul

He is eating

 






 


 

هُوَ كانَ يَأْكُلُ
هُوَّ كانْ بِياكُلْ

Kann
with the Present tense 6 Kaan biyaakul
He was eating



 


    Discover more on the verbal past tense sentence


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