Passive simplified

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Placing emphasis on the object.

1- Egyptian Colloquial
  2- MSA/Classical

         

 

The below table uses the verb "to clean."
 

In the advanced passive table many verbs are used.

 



We do not always use the more traditional word order:

subject (the "doer") + verb+ object (the "receiver").
 

Instead, the passive is for less emphasis on the subject and MORE emphasis on the object.

More emphasis on the object is by early placement within the sentence.
 

The passive in English is:
object
+ verb+ subject.

 

The passive in Arabic is:

verb+ object (for MSA/Classical)

object + verb (for Egyptian/Colloquial)
 

          

GAME: Egyptian Colloquial (Unjumble sentences)


GAME: MSA/Classical (Unjumble sentences)


 

 

GAME: Egyptian Colloquial (Translate)

 

GAME: MSA/Classical (Translate)



 


 

 

Tenses

 

Active

 

Passive

1- Simple Present



 

1 On Friday, Ibrahim cleans the room.

في يَوْمِ اَلْجُمْعَةِ يُنَظِّفُ إبْراهيمُ اَلْحُجْرَةَ

في يومْ اِلْجُمْعَةْ إبْراهيمْ بِيْنَضَّفْ

 اِلْأودَةْ


 

2 On Friday, the room is cleaned (by Ibrahim).

في يَوْمِ اَلْجُمْعَةِ تُنَظَّفُ اَلْحُجْرَةُ

في يومْ اِلْجُمْعَةْ اِلْأودَةْ بِتِتْنَضَّفْ

2- Present Continuous



 

3 Right now, Ibrahim is cleaning the table.

حالِياً إبْراهيمُ يَقومُ بِتَنْظيفِ اَلْمائدَةِ

دِلْوَقْتِ إبْراهيمْ بِيْنَضَّفْ  اِلتَّرابيزَة



 

4 Right now, the table is being cleaned (by Ibrahim).

حالِياً يُجْرىَ تَنْظيفُ اَلْمائدَةِ

دِلْوَقْتِ اِلتَّرابيزَةْ بِتِتْنَضَّفْ

3- Simple Past




 

5 Ibrahim cleaned the house.

نَظَّفَ إبْراهيمُ اَلْبَيْتَ

إبْراهيمْ نَضَّفْ اِلْبيتْ



 

6 The house was cleaned (by Ibrahim).

اَلْبَيْتُ نُظِّفَ

اِلْبيتْ اِتْنَضَّفْ

4- Past Continuous




 

7 Ibrahim was cleaning the house when Omar came in.

إبْراهيمُ كان يَقومُ بِتَنْظيفِ اَلْبَيْتِ عِنْدَما دَخَلَ عُمَرُ

إبْراهيمْ كانْ بِيْنَضَّفْ اِلْبيتْ لَمّا

عُمَرْ دَخَلْ 






8 The house was being cleaned (by Ibrahim) when Omar came in.
 

كانَ يُجْرىَ تَنْظيفُ اَلْبَيْتِ عِنْدَما دَخَلَ عُمَرُ

اِلْبيتْ كانْ بِيِتْنَضَّفْ لَمّا عُمَرْ دَخَلْ

5- Present Perfect




 

9 Omar has cleaned the beach.

لَقَدْ أكْمَلَ عُمَرُ تَنْظيفَ اَلشّاطِئِ

عُمَرْ كَمِّلْ تَنْضيفْ اِلشَّطْ



 

10 The beach has been cleaned (by Omar).

قَدْ أُكْمِلَ  تَنْظيفُ اَلشّاطِئِ

تَنْضيفْ اِلشَّطْ اِتْكَمِّلْ

6- Present Perfect Continuous




 

11 Recently, Ahmed has been cleaning his office.

مُؤَخَراً أحْمَدُ يُداوِمُ عَلىَ تَنْظيفِ مَكْتَبِهِ  

أخيراً أحْمَدُ مِداوِمْ عَلىَ

 تَنْضيفْ مَكْتَبُهْ




 

12 Recently, the office has been being cleaned (by Ahmed).

مُؤَخَراً يُداوَمُ  عَلىَ تَنْظيفِ اَلْمَكْتَبِ

أخيراً اِلْمَكْتَبْ بِيْتْنَضَّفْ دايْماً

7- Past Perfect







 

13 Omar had cleaned many things before he locked the house.

عُمَرُ كانَ قَدْ أتَمَّ تَنْظيفَ أشْياءٍ عَديدَةٍ قَبْلَ أنْ يُغْلِقَ اَلْبَيْتَ

عُمَرْ كانْ نَضَّفْ حَجاتْ  كِتيرَةْ  قَبْلْ

 ما يِقْفِلْ اِلْبيتْ





13-1 Many things had been cleaned by Omar before he  locked the house.

أشْياءٍ عَديدَةٍ كانَتْ قَدْ أُتِمَّ تَنْظيفُها قَبْلَ أنْ يُغْلَقَ اِلْبَيْتُ

حَجاتْ كِتيرَةْ كانِتْ اِتْنَضَّفِتْ قَبْلْ ما

 يِنْقَفَلْ اِلْبيتْ

8- Past Perfect Continuous








 

14 Mona had been cleaning the house for two days before she left for her vacation.


مُنىَ كانَتْ قَدْ قامَتْ بِتَنْظيفِ اَلْبَيْتِ لَمُدَّةِ يَوْمَيْنِ قَبْل أنْ تُسافِرَ 

مُنىَ قَعَدِتْ تِنَضَّفْ في  اِلْبيتْ لِمُدِّةْ

 يومينْ قَبْلْ ما تِسافِرْ 






14-1 The house had been being cleanedfor two days (by Mona) before she left. 

اَلْبَيْتُ كانَ قَدْ اِسْتَغْرَقَ تَنْظيفُهُ يَوْمَيْنِ قَبْلَ اَلسَّفَرِ 

 اِلْبيتْ أخَدْ تَنْضيفُهْ يومينْ قَبْلْ اِلسَّفَرْ

9- Simple Future
will



 

15 Omar will clean the house tomorrow.

عُمَر سَوْف يُنَظِّفُ اَلْبَيْتَ غَداً

عُمَرْ حَيِنَضَّفْ اِلْبيتْ بُكْرَةْ





 

16 The house will be cleaned tomorrow.


اَلْبَيْتُ سَوْفَ يَكونُ قَدْ  نُظِّفَ غَداً

اِلْبيتْ حَيْكونْ اِتْنَضَّفْ بُكْرَةْ 

10- Simple Future
be going to 




 

17 Mona is going to clean the house tonight.

مُنىَ تَنْوي أنْ تُنَظِّفَ اَلْبَيْتَ اَلْلَيْلَةَ

مُنىَ ناوْيَةْ تِنَضَّفْ اِلْبيتْ اِلْليلَةْ






18 The house is going to be cleaned (by Mona) tonight.

اَلنِّيَةُ أنْ يُنَظَفَ اَلْبَيْتُ اَلْلَيْلَةَ

اِلنِّيَةْ إنْ اِلْبيتْ يِتْنَضَّفْ اِلْليلَةْ

11- Future Perfect
will (be going to)





21 They will have cleaned the house before the afternoon.

سَوْفَ يَكونوا قَدْ أتَمّوا  تَنْظيفَ اَلْبَيْتِ قَبْلَ اَلْعَصْرِ

حَيِكونوا نَضَّفوا اِلْبيتْ قَبْلْ اِلْعَصْرْ





22 The house will have been cleaned before the afternoon.

اَلْبَيْتُ سَوْفَ يَكونُ قَدْ أُتِمَّ تَنْظيفُهُ قَبْلَ اَلْعَصْر

اِلْبيتْ حَيْكونْ اِتْنَضَّفْ قَبْلْ اِلْعَصْرْ

12- Would Always







 

27 Mona would always clean the room no matter what happened.

كانَ مِنْ عادَةِ مُنىَ أنْ تُنَظِّفَ اَلْحُجْرَةَ مَهْما كانَ اَلْأمْرُ

كانْ مِنْ عادِةْ مُنىَ إنَّها

 تِنَضَّفْ اِلْأودَةْ مَهْما حَصَلْ





 

28 The room would always be cleaned  no matter what happened (by Mona).

اَلْحُجْرَةُ كانَتْ عادَةً تُنَظَّفُ مَهْما كانَ اَلْأمْرُ

اِلْأودَةْ كانِتْ عادَةً بِتِتْنَضَّفْ مَهْما
 حَصَلْ

13- Future in the Past
Would







 

29 I was sure Ibrahim would clean the house by 5:00 PM.

كُنْتُ مُتَأكِّدٌ أنَّ إبْراهيمَ سَوْفَ يَكونُ قَدْ قامَ بِتَنْظيفِ اَلْبَيْتِ عِنْدَ اَلسّاعةِ اَلْخامِسَةِ

كُنْتْ مِتْأكِّدْ إنْ إبْراهيمْ

 
حَيِكونْ نَضَّفْ اِلْبيتْ عَلىَ

 اِلسّاعَة
خَمْسَةْ





30 I was sure the house would be cleaned by 5:00 PM.

كُنْتُ مُتَأكِّدٌ أنَّ اَلْبَيْتَ سَوْفَ  يَكونُ قَدْ  أُتِمَّ تَنْظيفُهُ  عِنْدَ اَلسّاعَةِ اَلْخامِسَةَ

كُنْتْ مِتْأكِّدْ إنْ اِلْبيتْ حَيِكونْ اِتْنَضَّفْ

 عَلىَ اِلسّاعَةْ خَمْسَةْ

 

 


In Arabic the subjectdisappears all together in the passive form.

Also, the
object in the passive is now the subjectof the sentence. Therefore, this new subject is in the nominative carrying a dumma for MSA/Classical. 

 

 


How does the verb change in the passive construction?

For MSA/Classical:

The passive form for the perfect tense is:  فُعِّلَ
The  passive form for the imperfect tense is: يُفَعَّلُ 

 

For Colloquial/spoken:

The passive form for the perfect tense is: اِتْعَمَّل

The  passive form for the imperfect tense is: بِيِتْعَمَّل

 

 

 

 

 

 

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