Direct + indirect suffixes

 



     
   


🔴 See also: Direct and indirect object explained, Be careful, Listen then repeat out loud.

 
                          
 

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Verbs Direct and Indirect Suffixes.
 

A step back...

What are direct and indirect objects?

A direct object answers the question “who” or “what?”

An indirect object answers the question “to whom” or “for what.”

Example:

I sold it to her.
 

"Who" or "what?" = it= direct object.
 

"To whom" or "for what?" = her= indirect object.

        


Direct and Indirect object explained

Objects are attached onto verbs as endings.

The endings are suffixes.

Attach direct and indirect objects:

How to say "I sold it to her." 

Example






بِعْتُـها

بَعْتَها

1 Ba3taha = I sold it
   
Verb +
helping vowel + pronoun           

 








 
 

لَها

لِها

2 liha = to her 

Preposition + helping vowel + pronoun

 

Two words instead of five words:

بَعْتَها لِها = I sold it to her.


Bi
3t =
I sold = بِعْتْ

aha = it = ها direct object.

لِ = to

ها  =  
her

 

  Skip (not really necessary)

Add the helping vowel "a" (in aha) because bi3t ends in two consonants -- 3t.


This is without the helping vowel:
بَعْت 

This is with the helping vowel: بَعْتَ

The helping vowel is the fatha َ over the ت becoming تََ
 

Three consonants in a row, without the helping vowel, is not cool.
 

End of skip section.


 

 


  Skip (not really necessary)

Verb + Direct Object Pronoun + preposition (l or li) + Indirect Object Pronoun.  

Why l OR/ li ?

Use "li" if you have more than two consonants and need a helping vowel.

3- Add a final vowel before the last suffix for easier pronunciation.

End of skip section.

 

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