MAS: A plan with an unexpected beginning (Compound sentence)
 

   
   

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podcast grammar theme: the compound sentence


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اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ اَللـَّذين هـَرَبوا

the criminals that escaped

اَلـنَّفـَقُ اَلـَّذي هـَرَبوا مِنْهُ

The tunnel that they escaped from

اَلسـِّجْنُ
the prison

اَلنـّافِذَةُ اَلَّتي بـِجانِبِ اَلْبابِ
the window that is next to the door

اَلـْجـَزيرَةُ اَلَّتي بـِها كـُلِّ اَللـَّذينَ هـَرَبوا
The island that has all those who escaped

هـَرَبوا
they escaped

اَلـْبابُ اَلـَّذي في اَلسِجْنِ
the door that is in the prison

اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ اَللـَّذين كانوا عَلىَ اَلْجَزيرَةِ
The criminals that were on the island

كـَيْفَ
how

اَلنّافِذَةُ اَلـَّتي بـِجانِبِ اَلـْبابِ
the window which is near the door

اَلسِّجْنُ اَلـَّذي كانوا فيه كانَ قـَدْ بـَنىَ اَلنـَّفَقَ
The prison that they were in had built the tunnel.

مُغْلـَقٌ بـِمـِزْلاجٍ
locked

اَلـْحارِسُ اَلَّذي بـِجانِبِ اَلـنـّافِذَةِ
the guard that is next to the window

مَفْتوحٌ

opened

 

هـُناكَ
there

اَلْمُجْرِمونَ اَللـَّذينَ قـَتَلوا اَلْحارِسِ
The criminals that killed the guard

مُجْرِمونَ
criminals

 

 


Step 4 of 4: Read podcast dialogue   

 هَلْ رَأيْتُمْ اَلْمُجْرِمينَ اَلـَّذينَ هـَرَبوا مِنْ السِّجْنِ؟      [click]
Male 1 - Did you see the criminals that escaped from the prison?

 لا، كـَيْفَ هـَرَبوا؟      [click]
Male 2 - No, how did they escape?

 هـُمْ هـَرَبوا مِنْ اَلنـّافـِذَةِ اَلـَّتي بـِجانِبِ الْبابِ      [click]
Male 1 - They escaped from the window (that is) next to the door.

 وَلـِماذا لـَمْ يَهـْرَبوا مِنْ اَلـْبابِ؟      [click]
Male 2 - And why did they not escape from the door?

 لِأنَّ اَلْبابَ اَلـَّذي في اَلسِّجْنِ مُغْلـَقٌ بـِمِزْلاجٍ      [click]
Male 1 - Because the door (that is) in the prison is locked.
 وَالنَّافِذَةُ لـَيْسَتْ مُغـْلـَقـَةً بـِمـِزْلاجٍ؟      [click]
Male 2 - And the window is not locked?

 لا، اَلنـّافِذَةُ اَلـَّتي بـِجانِبِ اَلـْبابِ كانَتْ مَفـْتوحَةً      [click]
Male 1 - No, the window (that is) next to the door was opened.

 بـِدونِ حارِسٍ؟      [click]
Male 2 - Without a guard?

 لا، اَلـْحارِسُ اَلـَّذي كانَ بـِجانـِبِ اَلنـّافِذَةِ قـَتـَلوهُ     [click]
Male 1 - No, the guard that was next to the window was killed by them.

 وَأيـْنَ ذَهَبَ اَلْمُجْرِمونَ؟      [click]
Male 2 - And where did the criminals go?
 اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ اَلـَّذينَ قـَتـَلوا اَلْحارِسِ هـَرَبوا مِنْ نـَفـَقٍ      [click]
Male 1 - The criminals that killed the guard escaped from a tunnel.

 وَاَلنـَّفـَقُ يُؤْدي إلىَ أيـْنَ؟      [click]
Male 2 - And the tunnel leads to where?

 اَلنَّفـَقُ اَلـَّذي هـَرَبوا مِنْهُ يـُؤْدي إلىَ جَزيرَةٍ      [click]
Male 1 - The tunnel that they escaped from leads to an island.

 وَهُمْ عـَلىَ اَلْجَزيرَةِ اَلآنَ؟      [click]
Male 2 - And they are on the island now?

 نَعـَمْ، هُمْ عـَلىَ اَلْجَزيرَةِ اَلـَّتي بـِها كُلُّ اَلـَّذينَ هـَرَبوا مِنْ قـَبْلـِهـِمْ      [click]
Male 1 - Yes, they are on the island that has all those who escaped from before them.
 وِالْمُجْرِمونَ كـُلـُّهـُمْ لا زالوا هُناكَ؟      [click]
Male 2 - And all the criminals are still there?

 نـَعـَمْ، اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ اَلـَّذينَ كانوا عَلىَ اَلـْجَزيرَةِ لا زالوا هـُناكَ لـَكِنْ كـَعـِظامٍ      [click]
Male 1 - Yes, the criminals that were on the island are still there but as bones!

 لـَمْ يَكُنْ هُناكَ طـَعامٌ! اَلسِّجْنُ اَلـْذي كانوا فيهِ كانَ أفـْضَلُ      [click]
Male 2 - There was no food! The prison that they were in was better!

  اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ بَعْدَ ذَلـِكَ فـَهـِموا أنَّ نـِهايَةَ اَلـْخِطـَةِ لـَيْسَتْ سِجْنـَهُمْ إنَّما هِيَ بـِدايَةٌ لـِنـَتيجَةٍ  غـَيْرِ مُتـَوَقـَعَةٍ                     [click]
Male 1 - The criminals later understood that the end of the plan was not being imprisoned but the beginning of an unexpected outcome.
 Questions with answers                                       
لـِماذا لـَمْ يـَهـْرَبُ اَلْمُجْرِمونَ مِنْ اَلْبابِ؟        [click]

Q:  Why didn't the criminals escape from the door?

A:   لِأنَّ اَلـْبابَ اَلـَّذي في اَلسِّجْنِ مُغْلـَقٌ بـِمِزْلاجٍ
    Because
the door that is in the prison is locked.

هـَلْ كانَتْ اَلنـّافـِذَةُ مُغـْلـَقـَة ً بـِمِزْلاجٍ؟        [click]

Q:  Was the window locked?

A:  لا، اَلنـّافِذَةُ كانَتْ مَفْتوحَة ً
    No,
the window was opened.

أيْنَ ذَهـَبَ اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ؟         [click]

Q:  Where did the criminals go?

A:  اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ قـَتـَلوهُ
    The criminals killed him.

هـَلْ اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ اَلسـّابـِقونَ اَلـّذينَ كانوا قـَدْ هـَرِبوا لا زالوا عـَلىَ اَلـْجَزيرَةِ؟       [click]

Q:  Are prior criminals who escaped still on the island?

A:  نـَعَمْ، هـُمْ لا زالوا هـُناكَ
   
Yes, they are still there.

ما مَعـْنىَ " اَلـْبـِدايَةُ" في عُنْوانِ اَلْقـِصَّةِ؟        [click]

Q:  What is the "beginning" referring to in the title of the story?

A:  اَلـْمُجْرِمونَ بَعْدَ ذَلـِكَ فـَهـِموا أنَّ نـِهايَة َ اَلـْخِطـَةِ لـَيْسَتْ سِجْنـَهُمْ إنَّما هِيَ بـِدايَة ٌ لـِنـَتيجَةٍ غـَيْرِ مُتـَوَقـَعَةٍ
    The criminals later understood that the end of the plan is not   being imprisoned but the beginning of an unexpected outcome.


 

 

   

 This podcast is MSA/Classical Arabic. Now see the Egyptian colloquial/spoken version.

   

   

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