Short or long vowels?

   
   

🔴 See also: Be careful, Listen and Compare

             
 

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Develop your ears!
Vowels Long versus Short.
 

 Arabic has three short vowels and three long vowels:

  Listen carefully...  

Short Vowels            Long Vowels


  فتحة ( َ )    
1 a for fatha


 الف ( ا )
2 aa for alif


ضمة  ( ُ )
 3  u for damma


واو  ( و )
  
4  uu for waaw


كسرة ( ِ )
   
5  i  for kasra


  ياء ( ي )  
       6  i i for  yaa'




 

 
Be careful

Hearing the difference between long & short vowels is critical.


1- A long vowel is TWICE as long as a short vowel.

2- An Arabic word cannot have more than two consonants in a row. Therefore, a vowel must appear after every second consonant.

 



 

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