One or more  - singular and plural nouns

       
       

🔴 See also: Sound and broken plurals, Listen then repeat out loud, Be careful, Drills, Picture drill

                                 
Sound and broken plurals explained

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Singular or Plural?

 

There are two types of plural nouns:

1- Noun sound plurals: Plural nouns with a regular pattern and sound.

Noun sound plurals are predictable and easy to memorize.

For Egyptian Spoken Arabic :

Feminine nouns take an
“aat” suffix.

Masculine nouns take a “iin” suffix.

It is that simple.
 

For MSA/Classical Arabic:

Feminine nouns take a “aat” suffix.

Masculine nouns take a "uun" OR "iin" suffix.
 

Nominative = "uun" suffix
Accusative & genitive =
"iin" suffix

2- Noun broken plurals: Irregular plural nouns.

Noun broken plurals are unpredictable and take more effort to memorize.

 

 Listen then repeat out loud...

For MSA/Classical Arabic:

Regular feminine plurals have the endings:

"aatun"  "اتٌ" for the nominative
"aatin"  "
اتٍ" for the accusative and the genitive.
 

Regular masculine plurals have the endings:
 

"uuna"  "ونَ" for the nominative "iina"  "ينَ"  for the accusative and the genitive.

 

The below word list is in the nominative case.

* The asterik highlights the difference between Egyptian Spoken Arabic and MSA/Classical Arabic.

  Singular               Plural

 Feminine with “aat” ending: 




سَيِّدَةٌ
سِتْ

 
1 sit  

 lady




سَيِّداتٌ
سِتّاتْ
2
sittaat

 ladies


كوُبٌ

كوبّايـَةْ
3
kobbaaya - cup

Note: cup m. for MSA
BUT f. for the Egyptian dialect.

 



أكْوابٌ*

  كوبّيات
4 kobbay

aat cups

Masculine ending with “iin” ending:





مُهَنْدِسٌ

مُهَنْدِسْ

 11 mohandis  engineer





مُهَنْدِسونَ

مُهَنْدِسـينْ

 12 mohandisiin engineers





مُوَظَفٌ

مُوَظَفْ

 13 mowazzaf   employee





مُوَظَفونَ

مُوَظَفـِيِنْ

 14 mowazzafiin

 employees

Broken plurals:





وَلَد

وَلَدْ
 21
walad 

  boy






أوْلادٌ

وِلادْ
 22
wilaad

  boys





كِتابٌ

كِتابْ
 23
kitaab

  book




كُتُبٌ
كُتُبْ
 24
kutub
  books

🔴 See more examples

 

GAME: Which words are plural? (Egyptian Colloquial)

 

 GAME: Which words are plural? (MSA/Classical)

 

 GAME: Which words are plural? (Arabic using English)

 

 

Be careful:

1- Noun broken plurals need more effort to memorize than noun sound plurals.

Similar sounding singular broken nouns inherit the same broken plural patterns.
 

2- Learn singular and plural nouns together.


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