One or more  - singular and plural nouns

       
       

🔴 See also: Sound and broken plurals, Listen then repeat out loud, Be careful, Drills, Picture drill

                                 
Sound and broken plurals explained

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Singular or Plural?

 


There are two types of nouns when made plural:

1- Noun sound plurals: Nouns with a regular pattern and sound.

Noun sound plurals are predictable and easy to memorize.

For Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken Arabic: Feminine nouns take an “aat” suffix while masculine nouns take a “iin” suffix. It is that simple.

For MSA/Classical Arabic: Feminine nouns take a “aat” suffix while masculine nouns take a "uun" OR "iin" suffix.

The "uun" is for the nominative case.
And th
e "iin" is for the accusative and genitive case.

2- Noun broken plurals: Nouns with internal structure altered.

Noun broken plurals are unpredictable and not easy to memorize.

 

 

 

 Listen then repeat out loud...

Note for MSA/Classical Arabic:

Regular feminine plurals have the endings:

"aatun"  "اتٌ" for the nominative; "aatin"  "اتٍ" for the accusative and the genitive.

Regular masculine plurals have the endings:

"uuna"  "ونَ" for the nominative; "iina"  "ينَ"  for the accusative and the genitive.

The below examples are given in the nominative case since this is the correct choice of mood for listing words.

*An asterik denotes a discrepancy between Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken Arabic and MSA/Classical Arabic.

  Singular                          Plural

 Feminine with “aat” ending: 




سَيِّدَةٌ
سِتْ

 
1 sit  

 lady




سَيِّداتٌ
سِتّاتْ
2
sittaat

 ladies


كوُبٌ

كوبّايـَةْ
3
kobbaaya - cup

Note: masc. for MSA
but fem. for the Egyptian dialect.

 



أكْوابٌ*

  كوبّيات
4 kobbay

aat cups

 Masculine ending with “iin” ending:





مُهَنْدِسٌ

مُهَنْدِسْ

 11 mohandis       engineer





مُهَنْدِسونَ

مُهَنْدِسـينْ

 12 mohandisiin

  engineers





مُوَظَفٌ

مُوَظَفْ

 13 mowazzaf -  employee





مُوَظَفونَ

مُوَظَفـِيِنْ

 14 mowazzaf iin

 employees

Broken plurals:





وَلَد

وَلَدْ
 21
walad 

  boy






أوْلادٌ

وِلادْ
 22
wilaad

  boys





كِتابٌ

كِتابْ
 23
kitaab

  book




كُتُبٌ
كُتُبْ
 24
kutub
  books

🔴 See more examples 😊 😊

 

 

Be careful. You asked and we answered.

1- Noun broken plurals need more effort to learn than noun sound plurals.

But thankfully singular broken nouns inherit the same broken plural pattern if they are similar sounding (as seen below in Drill #2 BROKEN PLURALS).

2- Learn the singular noun with its plural form.

 



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