Describe lots of stuff - plural adjectives

 



     
   

🔴 See also: Be careful, Dual and plural adjectives, Mood similies

   

                

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Describe Stuff (pl.)

 


The focus of this module are plural and dual adjectives.

Egyptian Colloquial DOES NOT HAVE dual adjectives but only ONE plural adjective form.

MSA/Classical does have dual adjectives, therefore, two plural adjective forms (masculine and feminine).

Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken tends to be easier than MSA/Classical. More watered-down.

 

  Listen to the following Egyptian Colloquial examples.
 

Take note of the endings of the plural adjectives highlighted below in green.
 

MSA/Classical is below this table.

Table 1: Egyptian Colloquial


m. adj.   
          f. adj.                 Plural adj.




 كِبيرْ

1 kibiir

big
 




كِبيرَةْ

2 kibiirr

a

 big




كُبارْ

3 kubaar

big




صُغَيَّر
4 sooghayyar

small





صُغَيَّرَةْ

5 sooghayyara

small





صُغَيَّرِينْ

6 sooghayyariin

small

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Be careful:

1- Memorize singular and plural adjectives together.

2- Plural adjectives might be tricky when formed by internal structural changes (instead of a suffix added to the end of the word).

However on a good note: The internal structural patterns are frequently the same from one adjective to the next.

Examples:

كُبارْ      لُطـَافْ      جُمـَال

gumaal       lutaaf        kubaar   

beautiful    pleasant    big 

The above three plural adjectives all have the long aa (alif) added.
 

Develop an ear for the plural form of adjectives.
 

3- Egyptian Colloquial "plural Adjectives" have only one form - SHOWN IN TABLE 1 ABOVE.

MSA "plural adjectives" have two forms (m. and f.)- SHOWN IN TABLE 2 BELOW.


     MSA/Classical examples of dual and plural adjectives


Examples of dual and plural adjectives.

Beware: Notice the MSA/Classical plural adjectives have both a masculine and feminine form.

Table 2: MSA/Classical Arabic

                       Singular

Dual

Plural

 

 

      Masc.

Fem.

     Masc.

Fem.

    Masc.

Fem.



30-1

big

كَبيرٌ

كَبيرَةٌ

كَبيران 

كَبيرَتان

كِبارٌ

كَبيراتٌ

 


30-2


small

صَغيرٌ

صَغيرَةٌ

صَغيرَان

صَغيرَتان

صِغارٌ

صَغيراتٌ

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