The simple sentence

 



     
      
         🔴 See also: Equational explained, Be careful, Drill, Picture drill, Video
 
                              

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The Simple Sentence (Non-Verbal).



 
What is a sentence?               

 

  Subject Predicate   Sentence

 

With a small alteration we can transform a noun-adjective phrase into an equational sentence (also referred to as the nominal sentence).

Magic? Maybe. Let's see how…


Can you recall the noun-adjective phrase?...

 

 

 

 


1- In the Arabic noun-adjective phrase below both the noun and its adjective are indefinite, feminine, and singular.

Example of a noun-adjective phrase




 

سَيِّدَةٌ كَبيرَةٌ
سِتّْ كِبيرَةْ
sitt kibiira

an elderly lady

OR/

2- In the Arabic noun-adjective phrase below both the noun and its adjective are definite, masculine, and singular.

Example of a noun-adjective phrase




 

اَلرَّجُلُ الكَّبيرُ
الرّاجِل الكِّبيرْ
ir raagil il kibiir  

the elderly man

 

 


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 Review…

A noun-adjective phrase has both the noun and its adjective agree in definiteness, gender, and count.

There is noun-adjective agreement.

Count refers to the singular or plural form of the noun or adjective.

For a noun-adjective phrase both the noun and its adjective must be singular OR plural.

 

 


The equational sentence explained with examples
 

So how do we transform the above two noun-adjective phrases into sentences?

Simple.

1- Make the noun into a subject by making it definite.

2- Make the adjective into a predicate by making it indefinite.

Now, we no longer have noun-adjective agreement but subject-predicate disagreement.

The subject and predicate do not agree in definiteness.

 

Example of a sentence







اَلسَّيِّدَةُ كَبيرَةٌ
اِلسِّتْ كِبيرَةْ

  Is sitt kibiira.

The lady is old.

 



 


اَلرَّجُلُ كَبيرٌ
اِلرَّاجِلْ كِبيرْ

  Ir raagil kibiir.

The man is old.

((Did you notice for the first time there is a full stop. This is because we produced our very FIRST sentence)).

Mabrouk! = Congratulations!

 

 

 

 
   

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