Noun-adjective agreement

 



     
   

   
🔴 See also: Noun-adjective explained, Be careful, Drill, Picture drill

 
                          
Noun-adjective phrase explained

 Watch summary video
(2.37 min):

Describe stuff.

 


What is a phrase?


This module deals with the noun-adjective phrase.

Example: clever girl

noun = girl

adjective = clever


A noun-adjective phrase is a noun plus an adjective.

Noun-adjective phrase = Noun + Adjective
 

A phrase is not a sentence. A phrase is a part of a sentence.
 

"A phrase is part of a sentence."


Noun-adjective phrases can be turned into sentences. Done in another module.


Review:

Nouns, in Arabic, are either masculine or feminine. Not both.
 

Television is masculine: تِلِفِزْيون

Picture is feminine: صورَة
 

GAME: Name the items in the living room. These items are NOUNS.

 

Adjectives, however, can be both masculine OR/ feminine depending on the noun they modify.

If the noun is masculine the adjective is masculine.
 

If the noun is feminine the adjective is feminine.

 

Think of adjectives as bipolar.

Adjectives take-on the SAME gender as nouns.

Adjectives are sheep.

A noun-adjective phrase example:
badla gidiida = new suit

noun =
badla
adjective =
gidiida

Because noun
“badla" is feminine than the adjective is also feminine.


Adjectives copy the gender of the noun.


GAME:
Name the items in the living room. Then add adjectives.


Sum-up:

Noun-adjective phrases have the noun and adjective COPY each other in:
1. Definiteness
2. Gender
3. Count

 

1. Definiteness = the/an

Example of definite phrase:
اِلْـبِنْتْ الـكِّبيرَةْ = big girl = bint kabiira
 

If the noun is definite the adjective is definite.

If the noun is indefinite the adjective is indefinite.

This is the noun-adjective agreement.


2. Gender
= masculine OR/ feminine

Example of
feminine phrase:
 






بَدْلـَةٌ جَديدَةٌ
بَدْلـَةْ جِديدَةْ

  1  badla gidiida (phrase)

 a new suit


If the noun is feminine the adjective is feminine (as shown above).

If the noun is masculine the adjective is masculine.

This is the noun-adjective agreement.


3. Count
= singular or plural

Example of plural phrase:
big girls = banaat kubaar = بَناتْ كُبارْ

If the noun is singular the adjective is singular.

If the noun is plural the adjective is plural.

This is the noun-adjective agreement.



 Be careful:

 


1- Adjectives follow their nouns in word order like sheep.

Noun + adjective = Noun-adjective phrase

 

 

2- Adjectives copy the gender of the noun.

Masculine nouns take masculine adjectives.

Feminine nouns take feminine adjectives.

  Example of same gender




بِنْتٌ كَبيرَةٌ
بِنْتْ كِبيرَةْ

 2  bint kibiira

a big girl
Both noun & adjective are feminine

 





وَلَدٌ كَبيرٌ
وَلَدْ كِبيرْ

 3  walad kibiir

a big boy
Both noun & adjective are masculine

 

3- Adjectives agree with nouns in definiteness.

Definite nouns take definite adjectives.

Indefinite nouns take indefinite adjectives.

  Example of definiteness




بِنْتٌ كَبيرَةٌ
بِنْتْ كِبيرَة

 4  bint kibiira  

a big girl

Both noun & adjective are indefinite

 





اَلْبِنْتُ الْكَبيرَةُ
اِلْـبِنْتْ الـكِّبيرَةْ

 5  il bint il kibiira

the big girl

Both noun & adjective are definite

 

4- Adjectives agree with nouns in count.

Singular nouns take singular adjectives.

Plural nouns take plural adjectives.

  Example of count





بِنْتٌ كَبيرَةٌ
بِنْتْ كِبيرَةْ

 6  bint kibiira

a big girl

Both noun & adjective are singular

 





بَناتٌ كَبيراتٌ
بَناتْ كُبارْ
7  banaat kubaar  

the big girls

Both noun & adjective are plural


5- Skip (not really necessary):

Inanimate objects or abstract ideas of plural nouns take feminine singular adjectives - with few exceptions.

  Example of inanimate plural nouns





فَنادِقٌ كَبيرَةٌ
لوكنْدَاتْ كِبيرَة
 8  lokandaat kibiira

big hotels

Keep going! You're almost there.



   

  Discover more on noun adjective agreement

 
   

 

<<  1  2  3  >>

Top   |    Feedback   |    Error?   |    
Index   |   Home

 
   

   

   
 

 
     
     
     

  Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape