Noun-adjective agreement

 



     
       
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Noun-adjective phrase explained

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Describe stuff.

 


What is a phrase?

A phrase is a part of a sentence that can never, ever, stand alone.

Remember: "A phrase is part of a sentence."

This module deals with noun-adjective phrases.


A noun-adjective phrase consists of a noun plus an adjective.
 

Noun-adjective phrase = Noun + Adjective

Understand noun-adjective phrases to transform the phrases, later, into sentences.
 



Review:

Nouns, in Arabic, are either masculine or feminine. Not both.

Masc. noun "the class": اِلْفَصْلْ

Fem. noun "suit":  بَدْلـَةْ

Adjectives, however, can be masculine OR/ feminine depending on the noun they modify.
 

If the noun is masculine the adjective is masculine.

If the noun is feminine the adjective is feminine.
 

 

Think of adjectives as bipolar.

Adjectives take-on the SAME gender as nouns.

Adjectives are sheep.

For example: badla gidiida = new suit.

badla = noun
gidiida = adjective

Because noun
“badla" is feminine than the adjective is also feminine.


Adjectives copy the gender of the noun.


Adjectives are "on-call" depending on the noun they modify.


Sum-up:

If the noun is masculine the adjective is masculine.

If the noun is feminine the adjective is feminine.

This is the noun-adjective agreement.
 

Also, if the noun is definite then the adjective also must be definite.

And, if a noun is singular or plural then the adjective also must be singular or plural.
 


 

Gender agreement in a noun-adjective phrase:

  Example of gender agreement






بَدْلـَةٌ جَديدَةٌ
بَدْلـَةْ جِديدَةْ

  1  badla gidiida (phrase)

 a new suit



 Be careful. You asked and we answered.

 

 


 

1- Adjectives follow their nouns in word order like sheep.
 

Noun  Adjective  Noun-Adjective Phrase

 

 

 

2- Adjectives copy the gender of the noun.

Masculine nouns take masculine adjectives.

Feminine nouns take feminine adjectives.

 

  Example of gender agreement



 

بِنْتٌ كَبيرَةٌ
بِنْتْ كِبيرَةْ

 2  bint kibiira

a big girl
Both noun & adjective are feminine

 



 

وَلَدٌ كَبيرٌ
وَلَدْ كِبيرْ

 3  walad kibiir

a big boy
Both noun & adjective are masculine

 

3- Adjectives agree with nouns in definiteness.

Definite nouns take definite adjectives.

Indefinite nouns take indefinite adjectives.
 

  Example of definiteness



 

بِنْتٌ كَبيرَةٌ
بِنْتْ كِبيرَة

 4  bint kibiira  

a big girl

Both noun & adjective are indefinite

 



 

اَلْبِنْتُ الْكَبيرَةُ
اِلْـبِنْتْ الـكِّبيرَةْ

 5  il bint il kibiira

the big girl

Both noun & adjective are definite

 

4- Adjectives agree with nouns in count.

Singular nouns take singular adjectives.

Plural nouns take plural adjectives.

  Example of count



 

بِنْتٌ كَبيرَةٌ
بِنْتْ كِبيرَةْ

 6  bint kibiira

a big girl

Both noun & adjective are singular

 



 

بَناتٌ كَبيراتٌ
بَناتْ كُبارْ
7  banaat kubaar  

the big girls

Both noun & adjective are plural


5- Skip (not really necessary)

Here is a mind twister:

Inanimate objects or abstract ideas of plural nouns take feminine singular adjectives - with few exceptions.

  Example of inanimate plural nouns



 

فَنادِقٌ كَبيرَةٌ
لوكنْدَاتْ كِبيرَة
 8  lokandaat kibiira
 

big hotels

Keep going! You're almost there.


 


   

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