Pointing out stuff  - demonstrative and presentational particles
 

 



     
   


🔴 See also: Particles explained, Be careful, drill, Picture drill

 
                           
The demonstrative and presentational particles explained

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(2.37 min)

"This is/here is" in Arabic.

 




Demonstrative and presentational particles differ from one another.

Demonstrative particles =
this/that/these
Presentation particles =
here/there

The demonstrative particle tells us "WHAT" is the
object.

Example:
This is a
chair. (chair = object)
That is a table. (table = object)

The presentational particle is used to inform "WHERE" is the object.

Example:
Here is a chair. (the chair is here)
There is a table.
(the table is there)
 

 

  Listen then repeat out loud.

Demonstrative particles









 

هَذا  هُوَ
دا
da
(m.)

 

هَذان  هُما
1-1 (dual m.)

this is/that is








هَذِهِ هِيَ
دي
di (f.)
 

هَتان هُما
2-2 (dual f.)


this is/that is

 




هَؤلاء هُمْ
دولْ
dool (m./f. pl.)

these are/those are

 

 

 #1 GAME: Egyptian Colloquial

 

 

Presentational Particles



ها هُوَ
أهو
aho (m.)

here is/there is








ها هِيَ
أهي
ahi (f.)

 

ها هُما
4-1 dual (m./f.)

here is/there is




ها هُمْ
أهُمْ
ahom

 (masc./f. pl.)

here are/there are


 

  #2 GAME: Egyptian Colloquial

 

 #3 GAME: MSA/Classical

 

 #4 GAME: Arabic using English

 

 

 


  Be careful:

In English:
This = nearby objects
That = far away objects


Presentational particles in Arabic do not distinguish between near and far.

 

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