Ask questions  - interrogative particles 


       See also: Intonation, Interrogatives, Mish kidda, Situational drill
Four ways to form questions

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For both MSA & Egyptian Colloquial: The FOUR ways to ask questions...

 1- Intonation (covered shortly)
 2- Interrogative particles (covered shortly)
3- Using
 1  mish kidda = right? - مِشْ كِدا  or ألَيْسَ كَذَلِكَ

Use the magic of the mish kidda.

ألَيْسَ كَذَلِك

مِشْ كِدا


    4- Only for Egyptian Colloquial/Spoken: Placing huwwa هو hiyya هي or humma هم at the beginning of the sentence to trigger a question.


هُوَّ فَريدْ؟  
3   Howwa Fariid?   (subject masculine)

Is he Farid?

هُمَّ سامْيَةْ وِ فَريدْ؟
Humma Samia wi Fariid?  (subject plural)

They are Samia and Farid?

    If the subject is masculine use huwwa هو
If the subject is feminine use hiyya هي
If the subject is plural use humma هم

   Want more? Skip section unless a grammar guru.

If the subject is a singular or plural independent pronoun (and not a proper noun) always use هو to transform the sentence into a question.


هُوَّ مِنْ هنا
Huwwa min hinna.

He is from here.

هُوَّ هُوَّ مِنْ هنا؟
Huwwa huwwa min hinna? (An extra huwwa was added to form a question).

Is he from here?

    End of skip section.

Only MSA/Classical:

For MSA/Classical Arabic place هل at the beginning of the sentence.

     Example using "hal" particle:
أنْتِ سامْيَة ُ؟ can also be هل أنْتِ سامْيَة ُ؟ = Are you Samia?

The use of intonation

Intonation - the easy way to form questions.


أنْتِ سامْيَة ُ؟
إنْتِ سامْيَةْ؟
2   Inti Samia?

  You are Samia?

هُوَ فَريدٌ؟
هُوَّ فَريدْ؟
3   Howwa Fariid?

  He is Farid?

هُمْ سامِيَةُ و فَريدٌ؟
هُمَّ سامْيَةْ وِ فَريدْ؟
4   Humma Samia wi Fariid?

 They are Samia and Farid?

أنْتَ أحْمَدُ؟
إنْتَ أحْمَدْ؟
5   Inta Ahmad?

You are Ahmad?

أنْتُم سارَةُ و جيم؟
إنْتُمْ سارَةْ وِ جيمْ؟
6   Intum Sara wi Jim?

   You are Sara and Jim?


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