Own stuff  - the possessive suffix

 



     
   

🔴 See also: Possession explained, Be careful, Drills

 
                            

 Watch summary video
(1.14 min)

Possessive endings (the suffix).
 




We can only possess nouns and not verbs –

Therefore, the possessive suffixes can only be attached to nouns in Arabic.

Possession in Arabic is expressed by adding a suffix to the noun.




ExampleMy shirt is just one word using the i suffix.

 Let's do a close up:

  

  قَميصيِ

     1 قَميصـي

 

 Possessive endings

عَقْدي
i - ana  
my contract            

عَقْدِنا
na - ihna
our contract

عَقْدَك
ak - inta
your contract
(masc.)

عَقْدُكُم
kum - intu or intum
your contract
(plural)

عَقْدِك
ik - inti

your contract (fem.)

 

عَقْدُه
u - huwwa
his contract

عَقْدُهُم
hum - humma
their contract

عَقْدَها
ha - hiyya
her contract

 


 

 Listen then repeat out loud...

Beware:
"amiis" ends in one consonant so you simply slot in the suffix without worrying about helping vowels.

Had
"amiis" ended in two consonants a helping vowel is required.

 Possessive suffixes





قَميصى

 قَميصـي 
2 amiisi       
my shirt          





 قَميصُكَ

قَميصـَكْ
3 amiisak
your shirt (masc.)             


🔴 See remaining conjugations



 

  Beware: Helping vowels are usually not typed in Arabic text but are pronounced. Don't let this confuse you. You will hear the helping vowels while listening to the audio clips.




  Beware: The suffixes “i” (my), “ik” and “ak” (your), and “u” (his) do not need helping vowels.

After all, why would they if they already BEGIN with a vowel.


  Be careful. You asked and we answered.

Add a helping vowel BEFORE the suffix for the following two cases:

CASE #1: If the noun ends in two consonants – add a vowel.

You can only guess if the helping vowel is an a i or u vowel until you get better at the "sounds" of the language.

Frequently, the helping vowel is similar to any prior vowel in the word.

Example: Let’s say we want to add to the word shoghl (work) the suffix “ha” (her).

Note: shoghl ENDS in two consonants (غل) and ha BEGINS with a consonant.

Rule recall: You cannot have three consonants in a row in Arabic.

 Let's do a close up:






 

شُغْلـُ+ ها      

شغل + ها
10 shoghl + ha 
 

10-1 her work  


 



 







 

شُغْلَها

شُغْلَها
shoghlaha




 

In the above example the helping vowel a is seen in the transliteration.

CASE #2: If the noun ends in a vowel – add another similar vowel before attaching the suffix.


  Example: Let’s say we want to add to the word korsi (meaning “chair”) the suffix “ha” (which means “her”).

Note that
korsi already ENDS in one vowel. So, you need to add ONE MORE VOWEL prior to adding any suffix.

The two vowels now appear in the word like this:
"korsii-ha."

 Let's do a close up:




كرسيُ+ ها



كُرْسـيُها  
كُرْسي + ها
11 korsi + ha
 

 her chair
 





 
كُرْسِـيها  
korsiiha


 


 

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  Read more on the possessive suffix                                                      

 
   


 

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