Own stuff  - possession: the miracle idaafa construction

 



     
   

   
🔴 See also: Idaafa explained, Be careful, Picture drill

 
                           

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Possession using the Idaafa.

 


The idaafa construction is used A LOT in the Arabic language for:

1- Possession:

Noun #1 = what is possessed
Noun #2 = possessor

Example:
حَديقَةُ الْبَيْتِ   = garden + house

Possession in English is the opposite word order:

Noun #1 = possessor
Noun #2 = what is possessed

Example:
The house’s garden = house + garden
 

An idaafa for possession:





Example:
cat + Tom

Meaning Tom’s cat or the cat of Tom.

In Arabic: utta + Tom or “uttit Tom”

NOTE:
Utta = cat and is a feminine noun ending in a. This "a" changes to an it to express possession.
 

If the second term in the
idaafa is definite then the entire idaafa construction is definite.


“Tom” is definite so uttit Tom is definite.

Because Tom is definite than it is
the cat and not a cat.
 

2- A phrase: Two or more words belonging to one another.

Example:
ذاتَ مَرّةٍ - Once upon a time 
 

Beware: Idaafas are phrases and not sentences.


Two definite and indefinite idaafa examples:

  Example #1


حَديقَةُ الْبَيْتِ


جِنينِةِ الْبيتْ
giniinit il beet

The garden of the house OR/
The house’s garden

For the above example the second noun is definite so the entire idaafa construction is definite.

 

  Example #2


حَديقَةُ بَيْتٍ



جِنينِة بيتْ

  giniinit beet

A garden of a house OR/
A house’s garden

For the above example the second noun is indefinite so the entire idaafa construction is indefinite.

  Listen to these idaafa constructions:

  Definite Idaafa                 Indefinite Idaafa




بَيْتُ الْمُديرِ

بيتْ اِلـْمُديرْ

  beet il modiir  
the director’s house




بَيْتُ مُديرٍ

بيتْ مُديرْ
beet modiir   
a director’s house




شارِعُ الْفُنْدُقِ

شارِعْ اِلـْلوكَنْدَةْ

  shaari3 il lokanda  
the street of the hotel





شارِعُ فُنْدُقٍ

شارِعْ لوكَنْدَةْ 

  shaari3 lokanda  
a street of a hotel

🔴 See more examples

  GAME: Egyptian Colloquial  

 

 GAME: MSA/Classical

 

 GAME: Arabic using English

 





Be careful:

1- An idaafa construction is different from a noun-adjective phrase.

A noun-adjective phrase has nothing to do with possession.

And, in a noun-adjective phrase both nouns are definite or both nouns are indefinite.

2- In the idaafa construction if NOUN 2 is definite then NOUN 1 becomes definite too  but without the definite article.

In an idaafa construction ONLY the second noun can take the definite article.

The second noun determines whether the entire construction is definite or indefinite.

 

Keep going! You're almost there.


 

     Drill with answers




 

Skip (Not really necessary)

The declension of the idaafa construction in MSA/Classical is as follows:

#1st term of the idaafa: Can be in the nominative, accusative, or genitive depending on the idaafa's grammatical role in the sentence. 

Example:
  مُشْكِلَةُ الْبِلادِ كَبيرةٌ.

Here the idaafa construction is the subject of the sentence.

Therefore, the first term of the
idaafa is nominative:
مُشْكِلَةُ

#2nd term of the idaafa: Is always in the genitive: الْبِلادِ

The genitive marker, on the second term of the
idaafa, gives possession

Exception:
Most proper nouns and certain indefinite forms of broken plurals will appear in the accusative for the genitive case.

End of skip section.

 

  
 
Make up idaafa constructions:

    Answers below for drill

 Drill 1

 Noun #1                Noun #2

moshkila
problem

il maktab
the desk

ostaaz
professor 

bint
girl

korsi
chair

il bilaad
the countries

obaaya
cup

il fasl
the class

madrasa
school

awlaad
boys

gazma
shoe

Farida


 

     

 GAME: Egyptian Colloquial  

 

 
GAME: MSA/Classical

 
GAME: Arabic using English



 

 Answers (Drill 1)






 مُشْكِلَةُ الْبِلادِ

  مُشْكِلِة الْبِلاد

 12  moshkilit il bilaad
the problem of the countries

 


🔴 See more answers

   

  Read more on the idaafa construction

 
   

 

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