A reoccurring action
The habitual is a reoccurring action.
CASE#2 The present continuous is an action over a period of time in the
In Arabic use ONE verb form, the present
continuous, to express both of the above cases.
English uses TWO forms to express both of the above
Case #1 =
Case #2 = I am
So what does the habitual really mean?
CASE #1 = Habitual actions are incidents reoccurring frequently in our lives as actions of
An example of a habitual action is "I run to school"
implying a repetitive action which happened in the past, is
happening in the present, and is likely to continue to occur into
the future. That's right...it keeps happening over and over again habitually.
It is important to recognize habitual actions, while learning a
language, so as to use the correct form of the verb. But it's
pretty simple. If it is happening over and over again it is
Case #2 Present
continuous are actions over a period of time in
The present continuous form
is so easy to recognize in Arabic because it begins with a "ba" or "bi" sound.
Beware: But where do we
find the present continuous? Is it under a rock? How do we bake it?
The present continuous verb is derived from the
what are infinitives?
Infinitives in both Arabic and English
appear as the "second"
For example: I like to go to school early. ("to go" = infinitive)
Verb #1 =
Verb #2 = to go
Subject + Verb #1 + Verb #2 (infinitive) + the rest of the sentence.
+ like + to go
+ to school early.
For the above sentence in Arabic, "I like" will use the present
continuous form which is derived from the infinitive form
Beware: In English there is only one infinitive form for any
given verb; however, in Arabic, there are many forms due to
For learning purposes we will first conjugate an infinitive and then
transform the infinitive into the present continuous form (by simply
adding a "ba" or "bi").
Confused? Don't be. You will see it in action shortly.
But first, let's see it in action in MSA/Classical. If you are not
interested in MSA/Classical move on.
He eats =
The subjunctive mood
(what we care about in
He went out to eat =
He is going out to eat =
He goes out to eat
هو يَخْرُجُ لِيأكُلَ
The jussive mood
Inviting someone: let him eat
Prohibiting someone: do not eat =
someone: Eat. =
Be careful. You asked and we answered.
In the present
continuous the last vowel in the stem of the word is
unpredictable. In other words, you don't know if
a, i, u.
While the verb
“katab” (he wrote) becomes
But don't fuss over these small matters just pick it
up as you go.
Keep on going! You're almost there.