A reoccurring action
English uses TWO forms to express the habitual and
the present continuous. Arabic uses only ONE form.
Case #1 =
Case #2 = I am
CASE #1 (Habitual) = Habitual actions are incidents
reoccurring frequently in our lives as actions of
An example of a habitual action is
"I run to school"
which is a repetitive action in the past, in the
present, and into the future.
Habitual - Action happens over and over again.
(Present continuous) = Present continuous occur over a period of time in
The habitual and present continuous
are easy in Arabic because they begin with a
The present continuous verb, in Arabic, is derived from the
But what are infinitives?
Infinitives in both Arabic and English
appear as the "second"
For example: I like to go to school early.
verb - infinitive)
Verb #1 =
Verb #2 = to go
First conjugate the infinitive and then
change the infinitive into the present continuous form (by adding a
Confused? Don't be... go
to the next page.
(Skip, not really necessary):
He eats =
The subjunctive mood
(what we care about in
He went out to eat =
He is going out to eat =
He goes out to eat
هو يَخْرُجُ لِيأكُلَ
The jussive mood
Inviting someone: let him eat
Prohibiting someone: do not eat =
someone: Eat. =
Skip (not really
In the present
continuous the last vowel in the stem of the word is
unpredictable. In other words, you don't know if
a, i, u.
“katab” (he wrote)
But don't fuss over these small matters just pick it
up as you go.
End of skip section.
Keep on going! You're almost there.