Present continuous and simple present

 



     
   

🔴 See also: Present continuous explained, Examples, Be careful, Drills

 
                 

Watch videos
 (under 6.13 min each)
Talk about the Present.

 

A reoccurring action

   

 

English uses TWO forms to express the habitual and the present continuous. Arabic uses only ONE form.

Case #1 =
I run                 
Habitual
Case #2 =
I am running     
Present continuous

CASE #1 (Habitual) = Habitual actions are incidents reoccurring frequently in our lives as actions of habit.

An example of a habitual action is
"I run to school" which is a repetitive action in the past, in the present, and into the future.

Habitual - Action happens over and over again.

Case #2 (Present continuous) = Present continuous occur over a period of time in the present.

The habitual and present continuous are easy in Arabic because they begin with a "ba" or "bi" sound.


  The present continuous verb, in Arabic, is derived from the infinitive form.

But what are infinitives?

Infinitives in both Arabic and English appear as the "second" verb.

For example: I like to go to school early.

to go = (2nd verb - infinitive)

Verb #1 =
like
Verb #2 =
to go

 

Arabic has subject-infinitive agreement.

First conjugate the infinitive and then change the infinitive into the present continuous form (by adding a "ba" or "bi").

Confused? Don't be... go to the next page.

 

  MSA/Classical (Skip, not really necessary):

In MSA/Classical there are three verb moods referred to as:

1- Indicative (default verb form)
2- Subjunctive (like the English infinitive)
3- Jussive (invite, prohibit, or order)


The indicative mood 

 He eats = هُوَ يَأْكُل

The subjunctive mood (what we care about in this lesson.)

 He went out to eat = خَرَجَ لِيأْكُلَ

 He is going out to eat = هو خارِجٌ  لِيأْكُلَ 

 He goes out to eat = هو يَخْرُجُ لِيأكُلَ

 

The jussive mood 

Inviting someone: let him eat = لِيأكُلْ

Prohibiting someone: do not eat =  لا تَأْكُلْ

Ordering someone: Eat. = كُلْ

 

Skip (not really necessary)

In the present continuous the last vowel in the stem of the word is unpredictable. In other words, you don't know if it's a a, i, u.

Examples: 

The verb “dakhal” (he entered) - yidkhul.

The verb “katab” (he wrote) - yiktib.

But don't fuss over these small matters just pick it up as you go.

End of skip section.

Keep on going! You're almost there.

 

   

Read more on the present continuous verb

 
   

 

<<  1  2  >>

Top   |    Feedback   |    Error?   |    
Index   |   Home

 
   

   

 

 
     
     
     

  Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape