Simple past verb

 



     
   

 
See also: Simple past explained, Be careful, Drills

 
                       

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Talk about the Past.

 



Use the simple past to express one point in the past.

      
 

There is subject-verb agreement when conjugating verbs.

Example:

أنا دَخَلْتُ  = "I entered" takes the ending (تُ)
نَحْنُ دَخَلْنا  = "we entered" takes the ending (نا)

The subjects I and we have different verb endings.

Endings are frequently referred to as suffixes.


 
Here is an example of a verb conjugated in the simple past (keep an eye on the endings attached to the verbs in the Arabic text).

Simple Past Verb Conjugated



أنا دَخَلْتُ

أنا دَخَلْتْ
1
ana dakhalt
I entered 



نَحْنُ دَخَلْنا

إحْنا دَخَلْنا
2
ina dakhalna
we entered



أنْتَ دَخَلْتَ

إنْتَ دَخَلْتْ
3
inta dakhalt
you entered




أنْتُم دَخَلْتُم

إنْتُمْ دَخَلْتوا

4 intu(um) dakhaltu(um)
you entered (plural masc. or masc. & fem.)







5-2

أنْتِ دَخَلْتِ

إنْتِ دَخَلْتي
5
inti  dakhalti
you entered

 

أنْتُما دَخَلْتُما

you (dual masc./fem.)


5-1

أنْتُنَّ دَخَلْتُنَّ
you (plural fem.)
you entered





هُوَ دَخَلَ       

هُوَّ دَخَلْ
6
howwa dakhal
he entered





هُمْ دَخَلوا

هُمَّ دَخَلوا
7
homma dakhal u

they entered 
(plural masc. or masc. & fem.)









8-2

هِيَ دَخَلَتْ  

هِيَّ دَخَلِتْ

8 hiyya dakhalit
she entered

هُما دَخَلا
they
entered
(dual masc./fem.)


8-1

هُنّ دَخَلْنَ

they entered (plural fem.)

 

 

 

Beware: 
*
intum dakhaltum and intum dakhaltu
are both usable.
*intu dakhaltum and intu dakhaltu are both usable.

 

Beware of the "Pausal Rule" for MSA/Classical: You will notice for the above table of verbs the last vowel is written but not pronounced with the exception of the feminine inti dakhalti.

All vowels are pronounced
except the last vowel in a sentence, phrase, or word list.

 





  Here is another example of a conjugated verb in the simple past…

Simple Past Verb Conjugated



أنا شَرِبْتُ

أنا شِرِبْتْ
9
ana  shiribt 
I drank  



نَحْنُ شَرِبْنا

 إحْنا شِرِبْنا
10
ina shiribna
we drank


🔴 See more examples 😊 😊

 

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 Be careful. You asked and we answered.

1- Even though the past tense suffixes (i.e. endings shown above in red) are regular the internal structure of the verb might change while conjugating it into the past tense.

Relax. You will pick-up unique internal structures with each word you experience.

2- When you learn a verb learn it in BOTH its simple past and present tense form.

 

 

 

 

 


   

  Read more on the simple past tense verb

 
   


 

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