Simple past verb

 



     
   

 
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Use the simple past verb to express one point in the past.

      

Subject-verb agreement exists when  conjugating verbs.

Example:

The below subjects I and we have different verb suffix endings.

أنا دَخَلْتُ  = "I entered" ends in تُ
نَحْنُ دَخَلْنا  = "we entered" ends in نا


 
Simple past verb conjugated.

      Simple past verb to enter = "dakhal"



أنا دَخَلْتُ

أنا دَخَلْتْ
1
ana dakhalt
I entered 



نَحْنُ دَخَلْنا

إحْنا دَخَلْنا
2
iHna dakhalna
we entered



أنْتَ دَخَلْتَ

إنْتَ دَخَلْتْ
3
inta dakhalt
you entered




أنْتُم دَخَلْتُم

إنْتُمْ دَخَلْتوا

4 intu(um) dakhaltu(um)

(um)
you entered (pl. masc. or m. & f.)







5-2

أنْتِ دَخَلْتِ

إنْتِ دَخَلْتي
5
inti  dakhalti
you entered

 

أنْتُما دَخَلْتُما

you (dual m./f.)


5-1

أنْتُنَّ دَخَلْتُنَّ
you (pl.f.)
you entered





هُوَ دَخَلَ       

هُوَّ دَخَلْ
6
howwa dakhal
he entered





هُمْ دَخَلوا

هُمَّ دَخَلوا
7
homma dakhal dakhalu

they entered 
(pl.m. or m. & f.)









8-2

هِيَ دَخَلَتْ  

هِيَّ دَخَلِتْ

8 hiyya dakhalit
she entered

هُما دَخَلا
they
entered
(dual m./f.)


8-1

هُنّ دَخَلْنَ

they entered (pl.f.)

 

  GAME: Egyptian Colloquial

 

 GAME: MSA/Classical

 

 GAME: Arabic using English

 

 

Beware: All of these work...
*
intum dakhaltum
 intum dakhaltu

 intu dakhaltum
 intu dakhaltu

 

The "Pausal Rule" for MSA/Classical:

All vowels are pronounced except the last vowel in a sentence, phrase, or word list.

For the above verb table the last vowel is written but not pronounced with the exception of the feminine inti dakhalti.





  Simple past verb conjugated.

     Simple Past Verb to drink = "shirib"



أنا شَرِبْتُ

أنا شِرِبْتْ
9
ana  shiribt 
I drank  



نَحْنُ شَرِبْنا

 إحْنا شِرِبْنا
10
iHna shiribna
we drank


🔴 See more examples

GAME: Egyptian Colloquial


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 Be careful:

1- The internal structure of the verb might change for the past tense conjugation.

2-  Memorize verbs in both the simple past and the present tense form.

 

 

 


   

  Read more on the simple past tense verb

 
   


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