What are Shaddas ?
An Arabic word frequently has two similar consonants in a row with a
syllabic break between them.
Don't ask why.
Understanding the double consonant pattern makes reading a lot easier.
Shaddas are only placed above
consonants. Shaddas require for
the consonant to be pronounced
Instead of writing
the consonant twice we place a
above one copy of the consonant.
1- The first consonant can never carry a short vowel but instead an
sequoun (no vowel).
View the sequoun as a stop sign -- so you can start a new syllable.
2- The second consonant must carry a
damma, fatha, or
Beware: The tricky part about the shadda is saying the
consonant twice without fumbling the word. How not to fumble?
There is a syllabic break between the two consonants. B- The second
consonant carries a short vowel (fatha, kasra, or dumma).
Arabic learners see shaddas and freak out. No need. Deal with shaddas
çar abiy - ya
the letter is doubled:
The first yih
always carries an implied
The second yih
carries one of the three short vowels. In our
case, here, the yih is carrying a fatha.