Long vowels or consonants?
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Long vowel or Consonant?
Can you use the alif, waaw, and yih as long vowels and as consonants?
In Arabic the alif, waaw, and yih can act as vowels or as consonants depending on the word.
Extend into a vowel or read the alif, waaw, or yih as a blunt consonant.
* The below applies to both MSA
and Egyptian Colloquial.
Three long vowels
1 Alif (a)
2 waaw (w)
3 yih (yih)
Notice when a hamza is placed above an alif it is a consonant. This is what an alif looks like with a hamza: أ
When an alif is written without the hamza it is a vowel.
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* Most of the words below are Egyptian Colloquial. Even if you are only interested in MSA use the words to help distinguish between vowels and consonants.
Alif, waaw, yih as vowels
Alif, waaw, yih as consonants
5 ' ayḍan
also (MSA Classical)