The syllables explained

 



     
   

 

The syllables explained


 
Syllables allow us to group letters together within words. Recognizing single letters within a word is not enough for literacy.

How do we break words into syllables?

Four rules:
Where C = consonant, v = short vowel, vv = long vowel.
 

      RULE 1: Cv = Consonant plus a short vowel = syllable

RULE 2: Cvv = Consonant plus a long vowel = syllable

RULE 3: The sequoun ---- Always after a sequoun there is a syllabic break. The sequoun is a stop sign.

Consider reviewing the sequoun (Although you don't have to for now).

      RULE 4: C/C   ----  If you see a letter carrying a shadda then this means there are two copies of the letter. The first copy must carry a sequoun resulting in a syllabic break after it.

Shaddas do not appear on vowels.



 

            Beware: Think of each consonant as a partner with a short or a long vowel. Consonants are buddies with their corresponding vowels. They comprise a syllable.

Meanwhile, if a consonant with its short or long vowel sees an adjacent sequoun they feel sorry for the sequoun -- because it is all by itself. So what do they do? They let the sequoun join in and to become one family -- as one syllable.

 Example


مُهَنْدِسْ
 3
 
mo-han-dis

 
engineer (masc.)

Let us divide مُهَنْدِسْ into syllables:

syllable 1: مُ A consonant with a short vowel.
syllable 2: هَنْ A consonant with a short vowel
and the adjacent sequoun.

syllable3: دِسْ A consonant with a short vowel and an adjacent sequoun.



 

"Are you a little bit confused? Let's study
together!"



 


Listen

  Let's see the syllables in action...

  Practice your syllables


كُرْسي
 1  kor -si  
chair


نِمْرَة
 2
 
nim -ra  

number


مُهَنْدِسْ
 3
 
mo-han-dis  

engineer
(masc.)


صورَة
 4
 
suu -ra  
picture


أوضَة
 17
 
oo-ḍa 
room


سِتّْ
 18
 sitt  
lady


تَرابيزَة
 19
 
ṭa-raa- bii- za   table


بِنْتْ
 20
 bint 
girl




 


Drill with answers

 
Write down each of the words below then break them up into syllables…

  Answers below for drill

  Drill

قِزازَة
izaaza
   
bottle

فَتْلَة
fatla
  

string

مَكْتَبَة
maktaba 
library

نُكْتَة
nokta 
 
joke

ساعَة
saa?a
 
watch

دُكُتور
doktoor
 
doctor

أوضَة
ooḍa
 
 
room

سِتّ
sitt 

lady

تَرابيزَة
ṭarabiiza 

table

بِنْت
bint 
 
girl


 listen to the answers...

  Answers


قِزازَة
 11
 
i- zaa- za 

bottle


 فَتْلَة
 12
 
fat-la 
string

🔴 See more answers 😊 😊



 

 



   

   You just learnt how to break Arabic words into syllables.                                                                        

 
   

 

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